Aquaculture equipment is an important technical support for the efficient development of modern aquaculture and the promotion of structural reform in the aquaculture industry. The intelligent aquaculture model based on the collaborative efforts of multiple disciplines such as aquaculture equipment, information technology, and automatic control, has become a new trend and an important lever for the high-quality development of modern fisheries, which also puts forward higher intelligent requirements for the existing equipment and related technologies of aquaculture. This article summarizes the current development status of five main aquaculture methods and equipment, including pond, factory, cage, raft, and bottom sowing aquaculture. From the perspectives of digitization and intelligence, it analyzes the research progress of commonly used equipment in aquaculture processes such as environmental monitoring, object perception, feeding, and graded counting. It points out the key issues that restrict the development of intelligent equipment and technology in aquaculture in China, A new concept of "mechanization, automation, and intelligence" for the development of aquaculture equipment and technology has been proposed, aiming to achieve the historical transformation of China from a major aquaculture country to a strong aquaculture country.