China Agriculture Research System
Megalobrama amblycephala is one of the main freshwater aquaculture species in China, with the advantages of wide feed habits, low culture cost, rapid growth performance, high survival rate, and easy to farm and harvest. M. amblycephala has the characteristics of delicious flavour, high rate of edible meat, good body shape, etc., which are popular among consumers and have made an important contribution to increasing high-quality aquatic animal protein supply, improving the nutritional health of the nation, and guaranteeing the food security in China. This review summarizes the progress of the current researches and developments on whole industrial technology of M. amblycephala, including innovations on breeding technology, nutritional regulation and feeding technology, ecological prevention technology from aquaculture stress and disease, health farming technology, nutritional quality and processing technologies, etc.. Based on the progresses, the industrial development requirements and research directions on germplasm resources excavation with production performance, excellent disease and stress resistance, and suitable for processing, the establishment of intensive healthy breeding mode and precise nutritional supply, ecological prevention technology innovation, high-quality processing and conditioning technology are proposed. This review is expected to provide references for the green, high-quality and sustainable development of the whole industrial chain of M. amblycephala.