中国深远海网箱的发展现状与展望
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S969

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工信部高技术船舶科研项目(工信部装函[2019]360号);国家自然科学基金(31972844);国家重点研发计划项目(2020YFD0900803);中国船舶重工集团有限公司科技创新与研发项目(201817K);2020年省级促进(海洋)经济高质量发展专项资金(粤自然资合[2020]016号)


Development status and prospect of Chinese deep-sea cage
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    摘要:

    深远海网箱养殖是一种新型水产养殖模式,具有技术先进、环境友好和成鱼品质高等优点,因此,它对推进水产养殖绿色发展战略意义重大。本文在介绍中国普通网箱和深水网箱、国外深远海网箱发展简况的基础上,重点概述2017年前后中国深远海网箱发展现状及其研究进展,并对今后的发展方向加以展望。2017年前,我国深远海网箱处于起步阶段,开发了特力夫TM超大型深海养殖网箱等近10种深远海网箱。2017年后,我国深远海网箱进入快速发展期,开发应用了“深蓝1号”全潜式深海渔场等一系列深远海网箱,引领了深远海网箱的现代化建设。迄今为止,我国主要开展了深远海网箱的定义、专利、结构、绳网材料及其配套智能装备等研究,部分成果已得到应用。为适应水产养殖绿色发展要求,今后我国深远海网箱将朝着离岸化、大型化和智能化等方向发展。虽然我国深远海网箱养殖业取得了长足进展,但与挪威等国外先进技术相比,我们还存在巨大的差距。我国深远海网箱养殖业前景广阔,但相关工作任重道远。

    Abstract:

    Deep-sea cage is a new type of aquaculture model, which has the advantages of advanced technology, environmental friendliness and high quality of marketable fish. Therefore, it has a great significance to the promotion of green development strategy of aquaculture. Based on a brief introduction to the development of common cages, offshore cages, as well as deep-sea cages, this article provides a detailed overview of the present situation and research progress of deep-sea cages before and after 2017 in China, and prospects for future development directions. Before 2017, deep-sea cages were in its infancy. Nearly 10 types of deep-sea cages with simple structures, such as assembly type metal cages facilities in deep-sea lagoon, were developed and mainly distributed in Hainan, Guangdong and Guangxi, which provided technical reserves for the subsequent development of the deep-sea cage. Since 2017, deep-sea cages have entered a stage of rapid development. More than 10 types of deep-sea cages with complex structures have been developed, including the Deep Blue No. 1 full-submersible deep-sea farm. They ushered in the modernization of Chinese deep-sea cages. So far, the research on the definition of deep-sea cages, cage materials, and its supporting patents have been reviewed. As a new type of aquaculture model, deep-sea cages have obvious comprehensive advantages and will be a useful supplement to Chinese aquaculture industry in the future. According to the requirements of the green development strategy of the aquaculture industry, the deep-sea cages will be developed in the direction of offshore, large-scale, intelligent, and intensified in the future to expand the aquaculture area, to improve production efficiency, increase technological content, reduce culture costs, and upgrade the industry level. Although Chinese deep-sea cage aquaculture industry has made great progress, there is still a huge gap compared with foreign advanced technology. The related work has a long way to go, which is worth our efforts to study deeply.

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石建高,余雯雯,卢本才,程世琪.中国深远海网箱的发展现状与展望[J].水产学报,2021,45(6):992~1005

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  • 收稿日期:2020-06-25
  • 最后修改日期:2020-08-24
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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-06-16
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