鱼类黏膜层微生物研究进展
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国家自然科学基金(U1904118);河南省重点科技攻关项目(202102110259);河南省自然科学基金(212300410174)


Research progress of mucosal microorganisms of fish
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    摘要:

    鱼类黏膜层(主要为皮肤、鳃、肠道等部位)及其共生微生物在调节鱼类黏膜层微环境稳态、促进鱼体健康方面发挥重要作用。近10年来,鱼类肠道黏膜层微生物因其在鱼体营养和健康方面具有重要作用而备受关注,而人们对于其他部位黏膜层(如皮肤、鳃)共生微生物的研究却相对滞后。为更好地了解鱼类黏膜层微生物与鱼体健康的关系,本文将结合近年来的研究结果,对鱼类黏膜层微生物的群落特征、与宿主的相互作用、影响因素、研究策略和应用价值等方面对鱼类黏膜层微生物的研究现状和存在问题进行综述,旨在为鱼类黏膜层微生物未来研究的发展方向,及其在生产、实践方面的应用提供理论参考。

    Abstract:

    Fish mucosa (mainly skin, gill, intestine, etc.) and their symbiotic microorganism play a key role in regulating the homeostasis of the fish mucosal microenvironment and promoting fish health. In the past 10 years, fish intestinal mucosal microbes have attracted much attention because of their important role regulating fish nutrition and health. However, research on symbiotic microbes in other mucosal organs of fish (such as skin and gill) has been relatively delayed. In order to better understand the relationship between fish mucosal microbes, mucosal microenvironment homeostasis and their effects on fish health,this article will review the research progress and the existing problems of fish mucosal microorganism, in terms of the community structure, influencing factors, research strategies and application value of fish mucosal microbes based on the literature published in recent years. It aims to provide new ideas and strategies for the effective regulation of mucosal microorganisms of fish and their applications in production and practice.

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ZHANG Yanmin, YANG Guokun, LI Keke, MENG Xiaolin. Research progress of mucosal microorganisms of fish[J]. Journal of Fisheries of China,2022,46(6):1117~1127

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  • 收稿日期:2021-05-17
  • 最后修改日期:2021-06-11
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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-06-18
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